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A dynamic microphone is a type of microphone that converts sound into an electrical signal using an electromagnetically suspended diaphragm. There are two types of dynamic microphones – moving coil and ribbon microphones.

Moving coil dynamic microphones have a permanent magnet surrounding the magnetically suspended coil that acts as the microphone diaphragm.

Ribbon dynamic microphones are characterized by their very fragile, micron-thin sheet of metal that is suspended in a strong magnetic field. That is to say, they are thinner than human hair. They are very good at capturing lower frequencies but struggle at higher frequencies.